arraign

[uh-reyn]
verb (used with object)
1.
to call or bring before a court to answer to an indictment.
2.
to accuse or charge in general; criticize adversely; censure.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English arainen < Anglo-French arainer, Old French araisnier, equivalent to a- a-5 + raisnier < Vulgar Latin *ratiōnāre to talk, reason; see ratio

arraigner, noun
unarraigned, adjective
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World English Dictionary
arraign (əˈreɪn)
 
vb
1.  to bring (a prisoner) before a court to answer an indictment
2.  to call to account; complain about; accuse
 
[C14: from Old French araisnier to speak, accuse, from a-² + raisnier, from Vulgar Latin ratiōnāre (unattested) to talk, argue, from Latin ratiō a reasoning]
 
ar'raigner
 
n
 
ar'raignment
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

arraign
early 14c., "to call to account," from O.Fr. araisnier, from V.L. *arrationare, from L. adrationare, from ad- "to" + *rationare, from ratio "argumentation, reckoning, calculation" (see ratio). Sense of "to call up on a criminal charge" is c.1400.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The judge presiding therein shall arraign the defendant and hear and determine any bail application.
Government officials used expansive libel laws to arraign journalists who criticized them.
Synonyms
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