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arraign

[uh-reyn] /əˈreɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to call or bring before a court to answer to an indictment.
2.
to accuse or charge in general; criticize adversely; censure.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English arainen < Anglo-French arainer, Old French araisnier, equivalent to a- a-5 + raisnier < Vulgar Latin *ratiōnāre to talk, reason; see ratio
Related forms
arraigner, noun
unarraigned, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for arraigns

arraign

/əˈreɪn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to bring (a prisoner) before a court to answer an indictment
2.
to call to account; complain about; accuse
Derived Forms
arraigner, noun
arraignment, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French araisnier to speak, accuse, from a-² + raisnier, from Vulgar Latin ratiōnāre (unattested) to talk, argue, from Latin ratiō a reasoning
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for arraigns

arraign

v.

late 14c., araynen, "to call to account," from Old French araisnier "speak to, address; accuse (in a law court)," from Vulgar Latin *arrationare, from Latin adrationare, from ad- "to" (see ad-) + *rationare, from ratio "argumentation, reckoning, calculation" (see ratio). Sense of "to call up on a criminal charge" is c.1400. The excrescent -g- is a 16c. overcorrection based on reign, etc. Related: Arraigned; arraigning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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