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arrière-ban

[ar-ee-er-ban; French a ryer-bahn] /ˈær iˌɛrˈbæn; French a ryɛrˈbɑ̃/
noun, plural arrière-bans
[ar-ee-er-banz; French a ryer-bahn] /ˈær iˌɛrˈbænz; French a ryɛrˈbɑ̃/ (Show IPA)
1.
a group of vassals who owed military service, especially to French kings.
2.
the summoning by a medieval ruler of all vassals and free men for military service.
Origin
1515-1525
1515-25; < French, alteration (by association with arrière behind, rear; see arrear) of Old French arban, herban < Germanic; compare Old High German hari army, ban ban2
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for arriere ban

arrière-ban

/arjɛrbɑ̃/
noun
1.
(in medieval France) a summons to the king's vassals to do military service
2.
the vassals so assembled for military service
Word Origin
C16: changed from Old French herban call to arms, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German heriban, from heri army + ban summons, ban²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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