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art1

[ahrt] /ɑrt/
noun
1.
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
2.
the class of objects subject to aesthetic criteria; works of art collectively, as paintings, sculptures, or drawings: a museum of art;
an art collection.
3.
a field, genre, or category of art:
Dance is an art.
4.
the fine arts collectively, often excluding architecture:
art and architecture.
5.
any field using the skills or techniques of art: advertising art;
industrial art.
6.
a branch of learning or university study, especially one of the fine arts or the humanities, as music, philosophy, or literature: She was adept at the arts of music and painting;
I've always felt an affinity towards the visual arts, though I studied art of philosophy.
7.
arts.
  1. (used with a singular verb) the humanities, as distinguished from the sciences and technical fields:
    a college of arts and sciences.
  2. (used with a plural verb) liberal arts:
    Faculty of Arts.
8.
skill in conducting any human activity: a master at the art of conversation;
From my mother, I learned the art of perfectly cooked pasta.
9.
  1. the principles or methods governing any craft or branch of learning: the art of baking;
    the art of selling.
  2. the craft, trade, or profession using these principles or methods.
See also term of art.
10.
skilled workmanship, execution, or agency, as distinguished from nature.
11.
trickery; cunning:
glib and devious art.
12.
studied action; artificiality in behavior.
13.
an artifice or artful device:
the innumerable arts and wiles of politics.
14.
(in printed matter) illustrative or decorative material:
Is there any art with the copy for this story?
15.
Archaic. science, learning, or scholarship.
Verb phrases
16.
art up, to improve the aesthetic quality of (something) through some form of art: This dress is so plain, it could use some arting up.
I had an interior designer art up my apartment.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Old French, accusative of ars < Latin ars (nominative), artem (accusative) ‘skill, craft, craftsmanship’

art2

[ahrt] /ɑrt/
verb, Archaic.
1.
2nd person singular present indicative of be.
Origin
before 950; Middle English; Old English eart, equivalent to ear- (see are1) + -t ending of 2nd person singular

Art

[ahrt] /ɑrt/
noun
1.
a male given name, form of Arthur.

ART

Linguistics
1.
article: often used to represent the class of determiners, including words such as this, that, and some as well as the articles a, an, and the.

-art

1.
variant of -ard:
braggart.

art.

1.
plural arts. article; articles.
3.
4.

be

[bee; unstressed bee, bi] /bi; unstressed bi, bɪ/
verb (used without object), present singular 1st person am, 2nd are or (Archaic) art, 3rd is, present plural are; past singular 1st person was, 2nd were or (Archaic) wast or wert, 3rd was, past plural were; present subjunctive be; past subjunctive singular 1st person were, 2nd were or (Archaic) wert, 3rd were; past subjunctive plural were; past participle been; present participle being.
1.
to exist or live:
Shakespeare's “To be or not to be” is the ultimate question.
2.
to take place; happen; occur:
The wedding was last week.
3.
to occupy a place or position:
The book is on the table.
4.
to continue or remain as before:
Let things be.
5.
to belong; attend; befall:
May good fortune be with you.
6.
(used as a copula to connect the subject with its predicate adjective, or predicate nominative, in order to describe, identify, or amplify the subject):
Martha is tall. John is president. This is she.
7.
(used as a copula to introduce or form interrogative or imperative sentences):
Is that right? Be quiet! Don't be facetious.
auxiliary verb, present singular 1st person am, 2nd are or (Archaic) art, 3rd is, present plural are; past singular 1st person was, 2nd were or (Archaic) wast or wert, 3rd was, past plural were; present subjunctive be; past subjunctive singular 1st person were, 2nd were or (Archaic) wert, 3rd were; past subjunctive plural were; past participle been; present participle being.
8.
(used with the present participle of another verb to form the progressive tense):
I am waiting.
9.
(used with the present participle or infinitive of the principal verb to indicate future action):
She is visiting there next week. He is to see me today.
10.
(used with the past participle of another verb to form the passive voice):
The date was fixed. It must be done.
11.
(used in archaic or literary constructions with some intransitive verbs to form the perfect tense):
He is come. Agamemnon to the wars is gone.
Origin
before 900; Middle English been, Old English bēon (bēo- (akin to Old Frisian, Old High German bim, German bin, Old Saxon bium, biom (I) am, Old English, Old High German, Old Saxon būan, Old Norse būa reside, Latin fuī (I) have been, Greek phy- grow, become, Old Irish boí (he) was, Sanskrit bhávati (he) becomes, is, Lithuanian búti to be, OCS byti, Persian būd was)) + -n infinitive suffix. See am, is, are1, was, were
Can be confused
be, bee.
Usage note
See me.

Garfunkel

[gahr-fuhng-kuh l] /ˈgɑr fʌŋ kəl/
noun
1.
Arthur ("Art") born 1942, U.S. singer.

Monk

[muhngk] /mʌŋk/
noun
1.
(James) Arthur ("Art") born 1957, U.S. football player.
2.
Thelonious
[thuh-loh-nee-uh s] /θəˈloʊ ni əs/ (Show IPA),
(Sphere) 1917–1982, U.S. jazz pianist and composer.
3.
George, Monck, George.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for art
  • Daydreaming can help solve problems, trigger creativity, and inspire great works of art and science.
  • artists' journals can be an art form unto themselves, a taxonomy of days that attempt to capture the random rush of creativity.
  • Collectors are discovering video art.
  • AP studio-art classes include drawing, two- and three-dimensional art, and design.
  • That helps explain why more art museums are developing programs for people suffering from Alzheimer's disease and memory loss.
  • Once they reach a certain level of affluence, they also start to buy art.
  • During this mid-winter season, one filled with lots of snow and ice, I'm contemplating the art of hibernation.
  • Some art historians may have considered the matter closed.
  • When she began, she had no interest in taking art classes or trying to learn the proper techniques.
  • If you've spent time in an art museum, you probably learned to appreciate the styles of different artists.
British Dictionary definitions for art

art1

/ɑːt/
noun
1.
  1. the creation of works of beauty or other special significance
  2. (as modifier): an art movement
2.
the exercise of human skill (as distinguished from nature)
3.
imaginative skill as applied to representations of the natural world or figments of the imagination
4.
  1. the products of man's creative activities; works of art collectively, esp of the visual arts, sometimes also music, drama, dance, and literature
  2. (as modifier): an art gallery See also arts, fine art
5.
excellence or aesthetic merit of conception or execution as exemplified by such works
6.
any branch of the visual arts, esp painting
7.
(modifier) intended to be artistic or decorative: art needlework
8.
  1. any field using the techniques of art to display artistic qualities: advertising art
  2. (as modifier): an art film
9.
(journalism) photographs or other illustrations in a newspaper, etc
10.
method, facility, or knack: the art of threading a needle, the art of writing letters
11.
the system of rules or principles governing a particular human activity: the art of government
12.
artfulness; cunning
13.
get something down to a fine art, to become highly proficient at something through practice
See also arts
Word Origin
C13: from Old French, from Latin ars craftsmanship

art2

/ɑːt/
verb
1.
(archaic) (used with the pronoun thou) a singular form of the present tense (indicative mood) of be1
Word Origin
Old English eart, part of bēon to be

ART

abbreviation
1.
assisted reproductive technology

-art

suffix
1.
a variant of -ard

monk

/mʌŋk/
noun
1.
a male member of a religious community bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience related adjective monastic
2.
(sometimes capital) a fancy pigeon having a bald pate and often large feathered feet
Word Origin
Old English munuc, from Late Latin monachus, from Late Greek: solitary (man), from Greek monos alone

Monk

/mʌŋk/
noun
1.
Thelonious (Sphere) (θəˈləʊnɪəs). 1920–82, US jazz pianist and composer
2.
a variant spelling of (George) Monck

be1

/biː; unstressed /
verb (intransitive) (pres. sing. 1st pers) am (2nd pers) are (3rd pers) is (present:pl) are (past:singular:1st_person) was (2nd pers) were (3rd pers) was (past:plural) were (pres. part) being (past part) been
1.
to have presence in the realm of perceived reality; exist; live: I think, therefore I am, not all that is can be understood
2.
(used in the perfect or past perfect tenses only) to pay a visit; go: have you been to Spain?
3.
to take place; occur: my birthday was last Thursday
4.
(copula) used as a linking verb between the subject of a sentence and its noun or adjective complement or complementing phrase. In this case be expresses the relationship of either essential or incidental equivalence or identity (John is a man; John is a musician) or specifies an essential or incidental attribute (honey is sweet; Susan is angry). It is also used with an adverbial complement to indicate a relationship of location in space or time (Bill is at the office; the dance is on Saturday)
5.
(takes a present participle) forms the progressive present tense: the man is running
6.
(takes a past participle) forms the passive voice of all transitive verbs and (archaically) certain intransitive ones: a good film is being shown on television tonight, I am done
7.
(takes an infinitive) expresses intention, expectation, supposition, or obligation: the president is to arrive at 9.30, you are not to leave before I say so
8.
(takes a past participle) forms the perfect or past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs of motion, such as go or come: the last train is gone
9.
be that as it may, the facts concerning (something) are of no importance
Word Origin
Old English bēon; related to Old High German bim am, Latin fui I have been, Greek phuein to bring forth, Sanskrit bhavati he is

be2

abbreviation
1.
Belgium

Be

Chemical symbol
1.
beryllium

BE

abbreviation
1.
bill of exchange
2.
(in the US) Board of Education
3.
Bachelor of Education
4.
Bachelor of Engineering

abbreviation
1.
Baumé
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for art
n.

early 13c., "skill as a result of learning or practice," from Old French art (10c.), from Latin artem (nominative ars) "work of art; practical skill; a business, craft," from PIE *ar-ti- (cf. Sanskrit rtih "manner, mode;" Greek arti "just," artios "complete, suitable," artizein "to prepare;" Latin artus "joint;" Armenian arnam "make;" German art "manner, mode"), from root *ar- "fit together, join" (see arm (n.1)).

In Middle English usually with a sense of "skill in scholarship and learning" (c.1300), especially in the seven sciences, or liberal arts. This sense remains in Bachelor of Arts, etc. Meaning "human workmanship" (as opposed to nature) is from late 14c. Sense of "cunning and trickery" first attested c.1600. Meaning "skill in creative arts" is first recorded 1610s; especially of painting, sculpture, etc., from 1660s. Broader sense of the word remains in artless.

Fine arts, "those which appeal to the mind and the imagination" first recorded 1767. Expression art for art's sake (1824) translates French l'art pour l'art. First record of art critic is from 1847. Arts and crafts "decorative design and handcraft" first attested in the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, founded in London, 1888.

Supreme art is a traditional statement of certain heroic and religious truths, passed on from age to age, modified by individual genius, but never abandoned. The revolt of individualism came because the tradition had become degraded, or rather because a spurious copy had been accepted in its stead. [William Butler Yeats]

v.

second person present indicative of be; Old English eart. Also see are (v.).

adj.

"produced with conscious artistry," as opposed to popular or folk, 1890, from art (n.), possibly from influence of German kunstlied "art song" (cf. art film, 1960; art rock, 1968).

monk

n.

Old English munuc "monk" (used also of women), from Proto-Germanic *muniko- (cf. Old Frisian munek, Middle Dutch monic, Old High German munih, Ger. Mönch), an early borrowing from Vulgar Latin *monicus (source of French moine, Spanish monje, Italian monaco), from Late Latin monachus "monk," originally "religious hermit," from Ecclesiastical Greek monakhos "monk," noun use of a classical Greek adjective meaning "solitary," from monos "alone" (see mono-). For substitution of -o- for -u-, see come.

In England, before the Reformation, the term was not applied to the members of the mendicant orders, who were always called friars. From the 16th c. to the 19th c., however, it was usual to speak of the friars as a class of monks. In recent times the distinction between the terms has been carefully observed by well-informed writers. In French and Ger. the equivalent of monk is applied equally to 'monks' and 'friars.' [OED]

be

v.

Old English beon, beom, bion "be, exist, come to be, become, happen," from Proto-Germanic *biju- "I am, I will be." This "b-root" is from PIE root *bheue- "to be, exist, grow, come into being," and in addition to the words in English it yielded German present first and second person singular (bin, bist, from Old High German bim "I am," bist "thou art"), Latin perfective tenses of esse (fui "I was," etc.), Old Church Slavonic byti "be," Greek phu- "become," Old Irish bi'u "I am," Lithuanian bu'ti "to be," Russian byt' "to be," etc. It also is behind Sanskrit bhavah "becoming," bhavati "becomes, happens," bhumih "earth, world."

The modern verb to be in its entirety represents the merger of two once-distinct verbs, the "b-root" represented by be and the am/was verb, which was itself a conglomerate. Roger Lass ("Old English") describes the verb as "a collection of semantically related paradigm fragments," while Weekley calls it "an accidental conglomeration from the different Old English dial[ect]s." It is the most irregular verb in Modern English and the most common. Collective in all Germanic languages, it has eight different forms in Modern English:

BE (infinitive, subjunctive, imperative)
AM (present 1st person singular)
ARE (present 2nd person singular and all plural)
IS (present 3rd person singular)
WAS (past 1st and 3rd persons singular)
WERE (past 2nd person singular, all plural; subjunctive)
BEING (progressive & present participle; gerund)
BEEN (perfect participle).

The paradigm in Old English was:

SING. PL.
1st pres. ic eom
ic beo
we sind(on)
we beoð
2nd pres. þu eart
þu bist
ge sind(on)
ge beoð
3rd pres. he is
he bið
hie sind(on)
hie beoð
1st pret. ic wæs we wæron
2nd pret. þu wære ge waeron
3rd pret. heo wæs hie wæron
1st pret. subj. ic wære we wæren
2nd pret. subj. þu wære ge wæren
3rd pret. subj. Egcferð wære hie wæren


The "b-root" had no past tense in Old English, but often served as future tense of am/was. In 13c. it took the place of the infinitive, participle and imperative forms of am/was. Later its plural forms (we beth, ye ben, they be) became standard in Middle English and it made inroads into the singular (I be, thou beest, he beth), but forms of are claimed this turf in the 1500s and replaced be in the plural. For the origin and evolution of the am/was branches of this tangle, see am and was.
That but this blow Might be the be all, and the end all. ["Macbeth" I.vii.5]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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art in Medicine

Be
The symbol for the element beryllium.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
art in Science
Be  
The symbol for beryllium.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for art

art

noun

A photograph or photographs of criminals, esp wanted criminals; mug shot: Art depicting the Most Wanted List is on post office bulletin boards (Police)

Related Terms

state of the art, tit art


monk

noun
  1. A monkey (1843+)
  2. A Chinese or Chinese-American: known to their Occidental neighbors, the Irish especially, as monks (1925+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
Cite This Source
art in Technology

language
A real-time functional language. It timestamps each data value when it was created.
["Applicative Real-Time Programming", M. Broy, PROC IFIP 1983, N-H].
(1996-01-15)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Related Abbreviations for art

ART

  1. airborne radiation thermometer
  2. assisted reproductive technology

art.

  1. article
  2. artificial
  3. artillery
  4. artist

be

Belorusian

Be

  1. beryllium
  2. excess burst

BE

  1. Bachelor of Education
  2. Bachelor of Engineering
  3. barium enema
  4. board eligible
  5. Board of Education

Baumé scale
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with art
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for art

monk

man who separates himself from society and lives either alone (a hermit or anchorite) or in an organized community in order to devote himself full time to religious life. See monasticism.

Learn more about monk with a free trial on Britannica.com

be

any of the hereditary occupational groups in early Japan (c. 5th-mid-7th century), established to provide specific economic services and a continuous inflow of revenue for the uji, or lineage groups. Each be was thus subsidiary to one of the uji into which all of Japanese society was then divided, and each kakibe, or worker, was effectively owned by the chief of his uji. Most be were agricultural units, producing rice for themselves and their superiors, but some engaged in crafts, fishing, or specific court functions. Those that acted as scribes, interpreters, diviners, or reciters for the court were national organizations; most other types of be were local

Learn more about be with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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