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Artaxerxes I

[ahr-tuh-zurk-seez] /ˌɑr təˈzɜrk siz/
noun
1.
("Longimanus") died 424 b.c, king of Persia 464–24.

Artaxerxes II

noun
1.
("Mnemon") died 359? b.c, king of Persia 404?–359?.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for artaxerxes
  • He has also been identified with artaxerxes i and artaxerxes ii.
British Dictionary definitions for artaxerxes

Artaxerxes I

/ˌɑːtəˈzɜːksiːz/
noun
1.
died 425 bc, king of Persia (465–425): son of Xerxes I

Artaxerxes II

noun
1.
died ?358 bc, king of Persia (?404–?358). He defeated his brother Cyrus the Younger at Cunaxa (401)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for artaxerxes

Artaxerxes

Persian masc. proper name, in classical history, a son of Xerxes II, also a son of Darius, from Greek Artaxerxes (explained by Herodotus as "Great Warrior"), from Old Persian Artaxšaca, literally "having a kingdom of justice," from arta- "justice" + xšaca "kingdom."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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artaxerxes in the Bible

the Greek form of the name of several Persian kings. (1.) The king who obstructed the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 4:7). He was probably the Smerdis of profane history. (2.) The king mentioned in Ezra 7:1, in the seventh year (B.C. 458) of whose reign Ezra led a second colony of Jews back to Jerusalem, was probably Longimanus, who reigned for forty years (B.C. 464-425); the grandson of Darius, who, fourteen years later, permitted Nehemiah to return and rebuild Jerusalem.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for artaxerxes

Artaxerxes I

Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 465-425 BC).

Learn more about Artaxerxes I with a free trial on Britannica.com

Artaxerxes II

Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 404-359/358).

Learn more about Artaxerxes II with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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