Artesia

Encyclopedia Britannica
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artesia

city, Eddy county, southeastern New Mexico, U.S., near the Pecos River. It originated in 1890 as a stop (called Miller) on the old stagecoach route between Roswell and Carlsbad. As a livestock-shipping point on the Pecos Valley Southern Railway (completed 1894), it was known as Stegman. John Richey, a local developer, suggested its present name in 1905 following the discovery of an underground artesian water basin

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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