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[ahr-tee-zhuh n] /ɑrˈti ʒən/
noting, pertaining to, or characteristic of an artesian well.
Origin of artesian
1820-30; < French artésien pertaining to Artois (Old French Arteis Artois + -ien -ian), after the wells of this kind in the region
Related forms
subartesian, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for artesian
  • Two-thirds of the world capacity is processing seawater, and one-third uses brackish artesian water.
  • Water confined in this way is said to be under artesian pressure, and the aquifer is called an artesian aquifer.
  • Data indicate that there are two aquifers--a shallow aquifer and an artesian aquifer--separated by a clay-and-silt layer.
  • When a well is drilled into an artesian aquifer, pressure pushes water in the well above the top of the aquifer.
  • If the pressure is high enough, water can flow from an artesian well.
  • It was built over the town's artesian well to provide protection and shade.
  • Benches were placed around the artesian well to provide a recreational spot for the towns people.
  • Another artesian well suddenly began feeding water to an old water trough.
Word Origin and History for artesian

1830, from French puits artésien "wells of Artois," French province where such wells were first bored 18c. by French engineer Bernard Forest de Bélidor (1698-1761). The place name is from Old French Arteis, from Atrebates, a tribe that lived in northwestern Gallia. Cf. Arras.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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