the use of an arthroscope to diagnose an injury to or disease of a joint or to perform minor surgery on a joint.

1930–35; arthro- + -scopy

arthroscopic [ahr-thruh-skop-ik] , adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
arthroscope (ˈɑːθrəˌskəʊp)
a tubular instrument that is inserted into the capsule of a joint to examine the joint, extract tissue, etc

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

arthroscopy ar·thros·co·py (är-thrŏs'kə-pē)
Examination of the interior of a joint using an endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision. Also called arthroendoscopy.

ar'thro·scope' (är'thrə-skōp') n.
ar'thro·scop'ic (-skŏp'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
arthroscopy   (är-thrŏs'kə-pē)  Pronunciation Key 
Examination of the interior of a joint, such as the knee, using a type of endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Arthroscopic knee surgery is a remedy for arthritis, but researchers have
  matched its effectiveness with a sham operation.
But these treatments often fall short of full pain reduction, leading many
  patients to undergo expensive arthroscopic surgery.
He underwent arthroscopic surgery to repair the torn cartilage.
Arthroscopic surgery can also be used to cut the tight ligaments and remove the
  scar tissue from the shoulder.
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