made by human skill; produced by humans (opposed to natural ): artificial flowers.
imitation; simulated; sham: artificial vanilla flavoring.
lacking naturalness or spontaneity; forced; contrived; feigned: an artificial smile.
full of affectation; affected; stilted: artificial manners; artificial speech.
made without regard to the particular needs of a situation, person, etc.; imposed arbitrarily; unnatural: artificial rules for dormitory residents.
Biology. based on arbitrary, superficial characteristics rather than natural, organic relationships: an artificial system of classification.
Jewelry. manufactured to resemble a natural gem, in chemical composition or appearance. Compare assembled, imitation ( def 11 ), synthetic ( def 6 ).

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin artificiālis contrived by art; see artifice, -al1

artificially, adverb
artificialness, noun
overartificial, adjective
overartificially, adverb
superartificial, adjective
superartificially, adverb
unartificial, adjective
unartificially, adverb

1. synthetic. 2, 3. counterfeit, factitious. 4. pretentious.

2. genuine, real. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
artificial (ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl)
1.  produced by man; not occurring naturally: artificial materials of great strength
2.  made in imitation of a natural product, esp as a substitute; not genuine: artificial cream
3.  pretended; assumed; insincere: an artificial manner
4.  lacking in spontaneity; affected: an artificial laugh
5.  biology relating to superficial characteristics not based on the interrelationships of organisms: an artificial classification
[C14: from Latin artificiālis belonging to art, from artificium skill, artifice]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "made by man" (opposite of natural), from O.Fr. artificial, from L. artificialis "of or belonging to art," from artificium (see artifice). Another early use was in the phrase artificial day "part of the day from sunrise to sunset" (late 14c.). Artificial insemination
dates from 1897. Artificial intelligence "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines" was coined in 1956.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
For the first time in history, surgeons early today implanted a permanent
  artificial heart to replace a dying human heart.
Removing the artificial wall between academic and public history is long
For hatchling sea turtles, artificial light is a killer.
The engines of the great food factories will be driven, not by artificial
  combustion, but by the underlying heat of the globe.
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