a person who dedicates his or her life to a pursuit of contemplative ideals and practices extreme self-denial or self-mortification for religious reasons.
a person who leads an austerely simple life, especially one who abstains from the normal pleasures of life or denies himself or herself material satisfaction.
(in the early Christian church) a monk; hermit.
adjective Also, ascetical.
pertaining to asceticism.
rigorously abstinent; austere: an ascetic existence.
exceedingly strict or severe in religious exercises or self-mortification.

1640–50; < Greek askētikós subject to rigorous exercise, hardworking, equivalent to askē- (see askesis) + -tikos -tic

ascetically, adverb
nonascetic, noun, adjective
nonascetical, adjective
nonascetically, adverb
preascetic, adjective
pseudoascetic, adjective
pseudoascetical, adjective
pseudoascetically, adverb
unascetic, adjective
unascetically, adverb

acetic, aesthetic, ascetic.

3. anchorite, recluse; cenobite. 5. strict, frugal, plain. 6. fanatic.

5. self-indulgent. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ascetic (əˈsɛtɪk)
1.  a person who practises great self-denial and austerities and abstains from worldly comforts and pleasures, esp for religious reasons
2.  (in the early Christian Church) a monk
3.  rigidly abstinent or abstemious; austere
4.  of or relating to ascetics or asceticism
5.  intensely rigorous in religious austerities
[C17: from Greek askētikos, from askētēs, from askein to exercise]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1640s, from Gk. asketikos "rigorously self-disciplined," from asketes "monk, hermit," from askein "to exercise, train," originally "to train for athletic competition, practice gymnastics, exercise." The noun meaning "one of the early Christians who retired to the desert to live solitary lives of meditation
and prayer" is from 1670s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Despite unconventional appearances, his designs are practical and ascetically pleasing.
The displays should be ascetically pleasing and informative.
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