[ahsh-kuh-bahd; Russian uhsh-khuh-baht]
a city in and the capital of Turkmenistan, in the S part.
Formerly Poltoratsk. Unabridged


[turk-me-nuh-stan, -stahn]
a republic in central in Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, Iran, and Afghanistan. 188,417 sq. mi. (488,000 sq. km). Capital: Ashkhabad.
Also called Turkomen.
Formerly Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Ashkhabad or Turkmen Ashgabat (Russian aʃxaˈbat, ˈɑːʃɡəbæt, ɑʃɡɑˈbɑt)
the capital of Turkmenistan. Pop: 598 000 (2005 est)
Ashgabat or Turkmen Ashgabat

Turkmenistan (ˌtɜːkmɛnɪˈstɑːn)
a republic in central Asia: the area has been occupied by a succession of empires; a Turkmen state was established in the 15th century but suffered almost continual civil strife and was gradually conquered by Russia; in 1918 it became a Soviet republic and gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991: deserts including the Kara Kum cover most of the region; agricultural communities are concentrated around oases; there are rich mineral deposits. Official language: Turkmen. Religion: believers are mainly Muslim. Currency: manat. Capital: Ashkhabad. Pop: 4 940 000 (2004 est). Area: 488 100 sq km (186 400 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Turkmenistan [(turk-men-uh-stan, turk-men-uh-stahn, turk-men-uh-stan)]

Republic in west-central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, by Uzbekistan to the north and northwest, by Afghanistan and Iran to the south, and by the Caspian Sea to the west. Its capital and largest city is Ashkhabad.

Note: This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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