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ashlar

[ash-ler] /ˈæʃ lər/
noun
1.
Masonry.
  1. a squared building stone cut more or less true on all faces adjacent to those of other stones so as to permit very thin mortar joints.
  2. such stones collectively.
  3. masonry made of them.
2.
Carpentry. a short stud between joists and sloping rafters, especially near the eaves.
verb (used with object)
3.
to face with ashlars.
Also, ashler.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English ascheler < Middle French aissel(i)er < Latin axillāris, equivalent to axill(a) (axis board, plank, axis + -illa diminutive suffix) + -āris -ar1; cf. -ar2
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ashler

ashlar

/ˈæʃlə/
noun
1.
a block of hewn stone with straight edges for use in building
2.
Also called ashlar veneer. a thin dressed stone with straight edges, used to face a wall
3.
masonry made of ashlar
Word Origin
C14: from Old French aisselier crossbeam, from ais board, from Latin axis axletree; see axis1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ashler

ashlar

n.

late 14c., "square stone for building or paving," from Old French aiseler, from Latin axillaris, from axilla, diminutive of axis "board, plank," which is perhaps not the same axis that means "axle." The stone sense is peculiar to English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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