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ash1

[ash] /æʃ/
noun
1.
the powdery residue of matter that remains after burning.
2.
Also called volcanic ash. Geology. finely pulverized lava thrown out by a volcano in eruption.
3.
a light, silvery-gray color.
4.
ashes.
  1. deathlike grayness; extreme pallor suggestive of death.
  2. ruins, especially the residue of something destroyed; remains; vestiges:
    the ashes of their love; the ashes of the past.
  3. mortal remains, especially the physical or corporeal body as liable to decay.
  4. anything, as an act, gesture, speech, or feeling, that is symbolic of penance, regret, remorse, or the like.
Origin
950
before 950; Middle English a(i)sshe, Old English asce, æsce; cognate with Frisian esk, Dutch asch, Old Norse, Old High German aska (German Asche), Gothic azgo < Germanic *askōn- (with Goth unexplained); akin to Latin ārēre be dry (see arid), Tocharian ās- get dry, Sanskrit ā́sa- ashes, Hittite hassi on the hearth; < Indo-European *HaHs-
Related forms
ashiness, noun
ashless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ashless

ash1

/æʃ/
noun
1.
the nonvolatile products and residue formed when matter is burnt
2.
any of certain compounds formed by burning See soda ash
3.
fine particles of lava thrown out by an erupting volcano
4.
a light silvery grey colour, often with a brownish tinge
See also ashes
related
adjective cinereous
Word Origin
Old English æsce; related to Old Norse, Old High German aska, Gothic azgō, Latin aridus dry

ash2

/æʃ/
noun
1.
any oleaceous tree of the genus Fraxinus, esp F. excelsior of Europe and Asia, having compound leaves, clusters of small greenish flowers, and winged seeds
2.
the close-grained durable wood of any of these trees, used for tool handles, etc
3.
any of several trees resembling the ash, such as the mountain ash
4.
(Austral) any of several Australian trees resembling the ash, esp of the eucalyptus genus
Word Origin
Old English æsc; related to Old Norse askr, Old Saxon, Old High German ask, Lithuanian uosis

ash3

/æʃ/
noun
1.
the digraph æ, as in Old English, representing a front vowel approximately like that of the a in Modern English hat. The character is also used to represent this sound in the International Phonetic Alphabet

ASH

/æʃ/
noun acronym (in Britain)
1.
Action on Smoking and Health
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ashless

ash

n.

"powdery remains of fire," Old English æsce "ash," from Proto-Germanic *askon (cf. Old Norse and Swedish aska, Old High German asca, German asche, Gothic azgo "ashes"), from PIE root *as- "to burn, glow" (cf. Sanskrit asah "ashes, dust," Armenian azazem "I dry up," Greek azein "to dry up, parch," Latin ardus "parched, dry"). Spanish and Portuguese ascua "red-hot coal" are Germanic loan-words.

Symbol of grief or repentance; hence Ash Wednesday (c.1300), from custom introduced by Pope Gregory the Great of sprinkling ashes on the heads of penitents on the first day of Lent. Ashes meaning "mortal remains of a person" is late 13c., in reference to the ancient custom of cremation.

type of tree, Old English æsc "ash tree," also "spear made of ash wood," from Proto-Germanic *askaz, *askiz (cf. Old Norse askr, Old Saxon ask, Middle Dutch esce, German Esche), from PIE root *os- "ash tree" (cf. Armenian haci "ash tree," Albanian ah "beech," Greek oxya "beech," Latin ornus "wild mountain ash," Russian jasen, Lithuanian uosis "ash"). Ash was the preferred wood for spear-shafts, so Old English æsc sometimes meant "spear" (cf. æsc-here "company armed with spears").

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Related Abbreviations for ashless

ash

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ASH

  1. Action on Smoking and Health
  2. American Society of Hematology
  3. American Society of Hypertension
  4. asymmetric septal hypertrophy
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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ashless in the Bible

(Heb. o'ren, "tremulous"), mentioned only Isa. 44:14 (R.V., "fir tree"). It is rendered "pine tree" both in the LXX. and Vulgate versions. There is a tree called by the Arabs _aran_, found still in the valleys of Arabia Petraea, whose leaf resembles that of the mountain ash. This may be the tree meant. Our ash tree is not known in Syria.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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10
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