|a. to articulate (a stop) with some force, so that breath escapes with audible friction as the stop is released|
|b. to pronounce (a word or syllable) with an initial h|
|2.||to draw in or remove by inhalation or suction, esp to suck (air or fluid) from a body cavity or to inhale (fluid) into the lungs after vomiting|
|3.||to supply air to (an internal-combustion engine)|
|a. a stop pronounced with an audible release of breath|
|b. the glottal fricative represented in English and several other languages as h|
|5.||phonetics (of a stop) pronounced with a forceful and audible expulsion of breath|
aspirate as·pi·rate (ās'pə-rāt')
v. as·pi·rat·ed, as·pi·rat·ing, as·pi·rates
To take in or remove by aspiration. n. (-pər-ĭt)
A substance removed by aspiration.
the sound h as in English "hat." Consonant sounds such as the English voiceless stops p, t, and k at the beginning of words (e.g., "pat," "top," "keel") are also aspirated because they are pronounced with an accompanying forceful expulsion of air. Such sounds are not aspirated at the end of words or in combination with certain consonants (e.g., in "spot," "stop"). The voiced stops b and d in Sanskrit and Hindi also have aspirated forms that are usually transliterated as bh and dh.
Learn more about aspirate with a free trial on Britannica.com.