aspiration

[as-puh-rey-shuhn]
noun
1.
strong desire, longing, or aim; ambition: intellectual aspirations.
2.
a goal or objective desired: The presidency is the traditional aspiration of young American boys.
3.
act of aspirating; breath.
4.
Phonetics.
a.
articulation accompanied by an audible puff of breath, as in the h -sound of how, or of when (hwen), or in the release of initial stops, as in the k -sound of key.
b.
the use of an aspirate in pronunciation.
5.
Medicine/Medical.
a.
the act of removing a fluid, as pus or serum, from a cavity of the body, by a hollow needle or trocar connected with a suction syringe.
b.
the act of inhaling fluid or a foreign body into the bronchi and lungs, often after vomiting.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin aspīrātiōn- (stem of aspīrātiō). See aspirate, -ion

aspirational, adjective
superaspiration, noun


1. yearning, craving.
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World English Dictionary
aspiration (ˌæspɪˈreɪʃən)
 
n
1.  strong desire to achieve something, such as success
2.  the aim of such desire
3.  a.  the act of breathing
 b.  a breath
4.  phonetics
 a.  the pronunciation of a stop with an audible and forceful release of breath
 b.  the friction of the released breath
 c.  an aspirated consonant
5.  removal of air or fluid from a body cavity by suction
6.  med
 a.  the sucking of fluid or foreign matter into the air passages of the body
 b.  the removal of air or fluid from the body by suction
 
aspirational
 
adj
 
aspiratory
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

aspiration
1530s, "action of breathing into," from L. aspirationem (nom. aspiratio), noun of action from aspiratus, pp. of aspirare (see aspire). Meaning "steadfast longing for a higher goal, earnest desire for something above one" is recorded from c.1600 (sometimes collectively, as aspirations).

aspiration
late 14c., "action of aspirating," noun of action from aspirate (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

aspiration as·pi·ra·tion (ās'pə-rā'shən)
n.

  1. The removal of a gas or fluid by suction.

  2. The sucking of fluid or a foreign body into the airway when drawing breath.

  3. A surgical technique used in the treatment of cataracts of the eye, in which an incision is made into the cornea, the lens capsule is severed, and the material of the lens is fragmented and aspirated by a needle.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Subway cars are a rolling index of such aspirations.
One is personal, focusing on the candidate's aspirations and abilities.
If the economic aspirations of the newly added population are fulfilled, the
  environmental pressures would be mind-boggling.
And it organizes communities of people who share particular aspirations or
  patronize a specific vendor.
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