assuming

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assume

[uh-soom]
verb (used with object), assumed, assuming.
1.
to take for granted or without proof: to assume that everyone wants peace. suppose, presuppose; postulate, posit.
2.
to take upon oneself; undertake: to assume an obligation.
3.
to take over the duties or responsibilities of: to assume the office of treasurer.
4.
to take on (a particular character, quality, mode of life, etc.); adopt: He assumed the style of an aggressive go-getter.
5.
to take on; be invested or endowed with: The situation assumed a threatening character.
6.
to pretend to have or be; feign: to assume a humble manner.
7.
to appropriate or arrogate; seize; usurp: to assume a right to oneself; to assume control.
8.
to take upon oneself (the debts or obligations of another).
9.
Archaic. to take into relation or association; adopt.
verb (used without object), assumed, assuming.
10.
to take something for granted; presume.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English (< Anglo-French assumer) < Latin assūmere to take to, adopt, equivalent to as- as- + sūmere to take up; see consume

assumer, noun
overassume, verb (used with object), overassumed, overassuming.
preassume, verb (used with object), preassumed, preassuming.
reassume, verb (used with object), reassumed, reassuming.


6. assume, Pretend, affect, feign imply an attempt to create a false appearance. To assume is to take on or put on a specific outward appearance, often (but not always) with intent to deceive: to assume an air of indifference. To pretend is to create an imaginary characteristic or to play a part: to pretend sorrow. To affect is to make a consciously artificial show of having qualities that one thinks would look well and impress others: to affect shyness. To feign implies using ingenuity in pretense, and some degree of imitation of appearance or characteristics: to feign surprise.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
assume (əˈsjuːm)
 
vb
1.  (may take a clause as object) to take for granted; accept without proof; suppose: to assume that someone is sane
2.  to take upon oneself; undertake or take on or over (a position, responsibility, etc): to assume office
3.  to pretend to; feign: he assumed indifference, although the news affected him deeply
4.  to take or put on; adopt: the problem assumed gigantic proportions
5.  to appropriate or usurp (power, control, etc); arrogate: the revolutionaries assumed control of the city
6.  Christianity (of God) to take up (the soul of a believer) into heaven
 
[C15: from Latin assūmere to take up, from sūmere to take up, from sub- + emere to take]
 
as'sumable
 
adj
 
as'sumer
 
n

assuming (əˈsjuːmɪŋ)
 
adj
1.  expecting too much; presumptuous; arrogant
 
conj
2.  (often foll by that) if it is assumed or taken for granted (that): even assuming he understands the problem, he will never take any action

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

assume
mid-15c., "to receive up into heaven" (especially of the Virgin Mary, e.g. Feast of the Assumption, celebrated Aug. 15, attested from c.1300), from L. assumere "to take up," from ad- "to, up" + sumere "to take," from sub "under" + emere "to take" (see exempt). Early pp. was
assumpt. Meaning "to suppose" is first recorded 1590s. In rhetorical usage, assume expresses what the assumer postulates, often as a confessed hypothesis; presume expresses what the presumer really believes.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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