At wt

at. wt.

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atomic weight

noun Chemistry.
the average weight of an atom of an element, formerly based on the weight of one hydrogen atom taken as a unit or on 1/16 (0.0625) the weight of an oxygen atom, but after 1961 based on 1/12 the weight of the carbon-12 atom. Abbreviation: at. wt.

Origin:
1820–30

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Collins
World English Dictionary
atomic weight
 
n
the former name for relative atomic mass at wt

at wt
 
abbreviation for
atomic weight

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

atomic weight n.
Abbr. at wt, AW
The average mass of an atom of an element, usually expressed relative to the atomic mass of carbon 12.

at wt abbr.
atomic weight

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Science Dictionary
atomic weight  
The mass of an atom expressed in atomic mass units. The atomic weight of an element having more than one principal isotope is calculated both from the atomic masses of the isotopes and from the relative abundance of each isotope in nature. For example, the atomic weight of the element chlorine is 35.453, determined by averaging the atomic masses and relative abundances of its two main naturally occurring isotopes, which have atomic masses of about 35 and 37. Also called relative atomic mass. Compare atomic mass. See also mass number.
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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Cultural Dictionary

atomic weight definition


The mass of a given atom, measured on a scale in which the hydrogen atom has the weight of one. Because most of the mass in an atom is in the nucleus, and each proton and neutron has an atomic weight near one, the atomic weight is very nearly equal to the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. (See atomic number.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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Abbreviations & Acronyms
at. wt.
atomic weight
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
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Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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