noun Hinduism.
the principle of life.
the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman.
(initial capital letter) the World Soul, from which all individual souls derive, and to which they return as the supreme goal of existence.
Also, atma [aht-muh] .

1775–85; < Sanskrit ātman breath, self Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
atman (ˈaːtmən)
1.  the personal soul or self; the thinking principle as manifested in consciousness
2.  Brahman considered as the Universal Soul, the great Self or Person that dwells in the entire created order
[from Sanskrit ātman breath; compare Old High German ātum breath]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1785, from Skt. atma "essence, breath, soul," from PIE *etmen "breath" (a root found in Skt. and Gmc.; cf. O.E. æðm, Du. adem, O.H.G. atum "breath," O.E. eþian, Du. ademen "to breathe").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for atman
Atman is the soul, the individualized unit of consciousness emanating from brahman.
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