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atman

[aht-muh n] /ˈɑt mən/
noun, Hinduism.
1.
the principle of life.
2.
the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman.
3.
(initial capital letter) the World Soul, from which all individual souls derive, and to which they return as the supreme goal of existence.
Also, atma
[aht-muh] /ˈɑt mə/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1775-1785
1775-85; < Sanskrit ātman breath, self
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for atmen

atman

/ˈaːtmən/
noun (Hinduism)
1.
the personal soul or self; the thinking principle as manifested in consciousness
2.
Brahman considered as the Universal Soul, the great Self or Person that dwells in the entire created order
Word Origin
from Sanskrit ātman breath; compare Old High German ātum breath
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for atmen
atman
1785, from Skt. atma "essence, breath, soul," from PIE *etmen "breath" (a root found in Skt. and Gmc.; cf. O.E. æðm, Du. adem, O.H.G. atum "breath," O.E. eþian, Du. ademen "to breathe").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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