atrabiliar

atrabilious

[a-truh-bil-yuhs]
adjective
1.
gloomy; morose; melancholy; morbid.
2.
irritable; bad-tempered; splenetic.
Also, atrabiliar.


Origin:
1645–55; < Latin ātra bīli(s) black bile + -ous

atrabiliousness, noun
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World English Dictionary
atrabilious or atrabiliar (ˌætrəˈbɪljəs)
 
adj
rare irritable
 
[C17: from Latin ātra bīlis black bile, from āter black + bīlisbile1]
 
atrabiliar or atrabiliar
 
adj
 
[C17: from Latin ātra bīlis black bile, from āter black + bīlisbile1]
 
atra'biliousness or atrabiliar
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

atrabilious
1650s, from L. atra bilis, translating Gk. melankholia "black bile" (see melancholy; also cf. bile). Atra is fem. of ater "black, dark," perhaps related to root of atrocity.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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