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atrophy

[a-truh-fee] /ˈæ trə fi/
noun
1.
Also, atrophia
[uh-troh-fee-uh] /əˈtroʊ fi ə/ (Show IPA)
. Pathology. a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage.
2.
degeneration, decline, or decrease, as from disuse:
He argued that there was a progressive atrophy of freedom and independence of thought.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), atrophied, atrophying.
3.
to affect with or undergo atrophy.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; earlier atrophie (< Middle French) < Late Latin atrophia < Greek, equivalent to átroph(os) not fed (see a-6, tropho-) + -ia -ia
Related forms
atrophic
[uh-trof-ik, uh-troh-fik] /əˈtrɒf ɪk, əˈtroʊ fɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
nonatrophic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for atrophia

atrophy

/ˈætrəfɪ/
noun (pl) -phies
1.
a wasting away of an organ or part, or a failure to grow to normal size as the result of disease, faulty nutrition, etc
2.
any degeneration or diminution, esp through lack of use
verb -phies, -phying, -phied
3.
to waste away or cause to waste away
Derived Forms
atrophic (əˈtrɒfɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin atrophia, from Greek, from atrophos ill-fed, from a-1 + -trophos from trephein to feed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for atrophia

atrophy

n.

"a wasting away through lack of nourishment," 1620s (atrophied is from 1590s), from French atrophie, from Late Latin atrophia, from Greek atrophia "a wasting away," noun of state from atrophos "ill-fed, un-nourished," from a- "not" + trophe "nourishment," from trephein "to fatten" (see -trophy).

v.

1822 (implied in atrophied), from atrophy (n.). Related: Atrophying.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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atrophia in Medicine

atrophia a·tro·phi·a (ə-trō'fē-ə)
n.
See atrophy.

atrophy at·ro·phy (āt'rə-fē)
n.
A wasting or decrease in the size of an organ or tissue, as from death and reabsorption of cells, diminished cellular proliferation, pressure, ischemia, malnutrition, decreased function, or hormonal changes. Also called atrophia. v. at·ro·phied, at·ro·phy·ing, at·ro·phies
To undergo atrophy.


a·troph'ic (ā-trŏf'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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atrophia in Science
atrophy
  (āt'rə-fē)   
A wasting or decrease in the size of an organ or tissue, as from death and reabsorption of cells, diminished proliferation of cells, pressure, lack of oxygen, malnutrition, decreased function, or hormonal changes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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atrophia in Culture
atrophy [(at-ruh-fee)]

The wasting away or decrease in size of an organ or tissue in the body. When a body part is affected by paralysis, the muscles may atrophy through lack of use.

Note: The term is also used in a more general way to refer to a wasting process: “Since he stopped playing, his piano skills have atrophied.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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