aubade

aubade

[oh-bad, oh-bahd; French oh-bad]
noun, plural aubades [oh-badz, oh-bahdz; French oh-bad] . Music.
a piece sung or played outdoors at dawn, usually as a compliment to someone.

Origin:
1670–80; < French, Middle French, equivalent to aube (< Provençal alba song about the parting of two lovers at dawn < Vulgar Latin, noun use of feminine of Latin albus white, clear) + -ade -ade1

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aubade (French obad)
 
n
1.  a song or poem appropriate to or greeting the dawn
2.  a romantic or idyllic prelude or overture
 
[C19: from French, from Old Provençal aubada (unattested), from auba dawn, ultimately from Latin albus white]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

aubade
"musical announcement of dawn," from Fr., from Prov. aubada, from auba "dawn," from L. alba, fem. of albus "white" (see alb).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

aubade

in the music of the troubadours, the 11th- and 12th-century poet-musicians of southern France, a song of lament for lovers parting at dawn or of a watchman's warning to lovers at dawn. A song of the latter type sometimes takes the form of a dialogue between a watchman and a lover. Some sources consider the alba an early form of an aubade, though unlike the alba an aubade is usually a celebration of the dawn. Examples of albas for which music also survives include Reis glorios by Giraut de Bornelh (c. 1140-c. 1200) and the anonymous Gaite de la tor. The minnesingers, the German counterparts of the troubadours, also used the form, calling it Tagelied ("day song").

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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