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[v. awg-ment; n. awg-ment] /v. ɔgˈmɛnt; n. ˈɔg mɛnt/
verb (used with object)
to make larger; enlarge in size, number, strength, or extent; increase:
His salary is augmented by a small inheritance.
  1. to raise (the upper note of an interval or chord) by a half step.
  2. to double the note values of (a theme):
    In the fugue's development the subject is augmented.
Grammar. to add an augment to.
Heraldry. to grant an augmentation to (a coat of arms).
verb (used without object)
to become larger.
Grammar. a prefixed vowel or a lengthening of the initial vowel that characterizes certain forms in the nonpresent inflection of verbs in Greek, Sanskrit, Armenian, and Phrygian.
late Middle English
1375-1425; late Middle English au(g)menten < Anglo-French, Middle French au(g)menter < Late Latin augmentāre to increase, derivative of augmentum an increase (aug(ēre) to increase (akin to eke) + -mentum -ment) + -ā- thematic vowel + -re infinitive ending
Related forms
augmentable, adjective
unaugmentable, adjective
unaugmented, adjective
1. swell. See increase. 5. increase. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for augments
  • Income from citizens now working abroad augments the economy.
  • These are included as renewables, including the basic function of pumped storage which augments other renewable sources.
  • The vast amount of vacant lands, the value of which daily augments, forms an additional resource of great extent and duration.
  • The apparent disorder augments the grandeur, for the appearance of care is highly contrary to our ideas of magnificence.
  • In the other there is often a scarcity, which necessarily augments their value.
  • There are subtle and not-so-subtle troubles wherever the rubber augments the road.
  • The units flank a full-size pool set among palm trees and augments with white and chrome loungers and tables.
British Dictionary definitions for augments


verb (ɔːɡˈmɛnt)
to make or become greater in number, amount, strength, etc; increase
(transitive) (music) to increase (a major or perfect interval) by a semitone Compare diminish (sense 3)
(transitive) (in Greek and Sanskrit grammar) to prefix a vowel or diphthong to (a verb) to form a past tense
noun (ˈɔːɡmɛnt)
(in Greek and Sanskrit grammar) a vowel or diphthong prefixed to a verb to form a past tense
Derived Forms
augmentable, adjective
augmentor, augmenter, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin augmentāre to increase, from augmentum growth, from Latin augēre to increase
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for augments



c.1400, from Old French augmenter "increase, enhance" (14c.), from Late Latin augmentare "to increase," from Latin augmentum "an increase," from augere "to increase, make big, enlarge, enrich," from PIE root *aug- "to increase" (cf. Sanskrit ojas- "strength;" Lithuanian augu "to grow," aukstas "high, of superior rank;" Greek auxo "increase," auxein "to increase;" Gothic aukan "to grow, increase;" Old English eacien "to increase"). Related: Augmented; augmenting. As a noun from early 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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