The first emperor of Rome; the adopted son of Julius Caesar. In his reign, from 44 b.c. to a.d. 14, Rome enjoyed peace (see Pax Romana), and the arts flourished. The time of Augustus is considered a golden age for literature in Rome.
Note: Jesus was born during Augustus's reign.
Note: The month of August is named for Augustus.
Note: A time when literature and the arts in a nation are at their height is sometimes called an “Augustan age.” The eighteenth century in England, when many excellent authors were at work, is called the Augustan Age of English literature.
the cognomen of the first Roman emperor, C. Julius Caesar Octavianus, during whose reign Christ was born (Luke 2:1). His decree that "all the world should be taxed" was the divinely ordered occasion of Jesus' being born, according to prophecy (Micah 5:2), in Bethlehem. This name being simply a title meaning "majesty" or "venerable," first given to him by the senate (B.C. 27), was borne by succeeding emperors. Before his death (A.D. 14) he associated Tiberius with him in the empire (Luke 3:1), by whom he was succeeded.