autarkies

autarky

[aw-tahr-kee]
noun, plural autarkies.
1.
the condition of self-sufficiency, especially economic, as applied to a nation.
2.
a national policy of economic independence.
Also, autarchy.


Origin:
1610–20; < Greek autárkeia, equivalent to aut- aut- + arke- suffice + -ia -ia

autarkic, autarkical, adjective
autarkically, adverb
autarkist, noun
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World English Dictionary
autarky (ˈɔːtɑːkɪ)
 
n , pl -kies
1.  (esp of a political unit) a system or policy of economic self-sufficiency aimed at removing the need for imports
2.  an economically self-sufficient country
 
[C17: from Greek autarkeia, from autarkēs self-sufficient, from auto- + arkein to suffice]
 
au'tarkic
 
adj
 
'autarkist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

autarky
1610s, "self-sufficiency," from Gk. autarkeia, from autarkes "self-sufficient, having enough, independent of others" (also used of countries), from autos "self" + arkein "to ward off, keep off," also "to be strong enough, sufficient," from PIE base *ark- "to hold, contain, guard" (see
arcane). From a different Gk. source than autarchy, and thus the spelling. As a term in international economics, prominent late 1930s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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