autocrat

[aw-tuh-krat]
noun
1.
an absolute ruler, especially a monarch who holds and exercises the powers of government as by inherent right, not subject to restrictions.
2.
a person invested with or claiming to exercise absolute authority.
3.
a person who behaves in an authoritarian manner; a domineering person.

Origin:
1795–1805; < Greek autokratḗs self-ruling, ruling alone, equivalent to auto- auto-1 + krat- (stem of krátos power) + -ēs adj. suffix

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World English Dictionary
autocrat (ˈɔːtəˌkræt)
 
n
1.  a ruler who possesses absolute and unrestricted authority
2.  a domineering or dictatorial person

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  autocrat
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  an absolute monarch who rules with unlimited authority; by extension, any person with undisputed authority in a relationship or situation
Etymology:  Greek autokrates 'ruling by oneself'
Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

autocrat
1803, from Fr. autocrate, from Gk. autokrates "ruling by oneself," from autos- "self" (comb. form) + kratia "rule," from kratos "strength, power" (see -cracy). First used by Robert Southey, with reference to Napoleon. An earlier form was autocrator (1789), used in ref. to
the Russian Czars. Earliest form in Eng. is the fem. autocratress (1762).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The emir does not pretend he is anything but a benevolent modernising autocrat.
At a simple level, it is becoming harder over time for an autocrat to cling to
  power for long periods of time.
And if they do, the sensible autocrat will squelch them as soon as possible.
It appears, however, that not even an unchallenged autocrat can repeal the laws
  of supply and demand.
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