noun, plural autonomies.
independence or freedom, as of the will or one's actions: the autonomy of the individual.
the state or condition of having independence or freedom, or of being autonomous; self-government, or the right of self-government: The rebels demanded autonomy from Spain.
a self-governing community.

1615–25; < Greek autonomía independence, equivalent to autónom(os) autonomous + -ia -y3

autonomist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
autonomy (ɔːˈtɒnəmɪ)
n , pl -mies
1.  the right or state of self-government, esp when limited
2.  a state, community, or individual possessing autonomy
3.  freedom to determine one's own actions, behaviour, etc
4.  philosophy
 a.  See also categorical imperative the doctrine that the individual human will is or ought to be governed only by its own principles and laws
 b.  the state in which one's actions are autonomous
[C17: from Greek autonomia freedom to live by one's own laws; see autonomous]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1620s, from Gk. autonomia "independence," noun of quality from autonomos "independent, living by one's own laws," from auto- "self" (comb. form) + nomos "custom, law" (see numismatics).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It's easier for the executive, the professional and the self-employed to
  fulfill this need for autonomy than for other workers.
By speaking up, you give her a measure of autonomy, a chance to do what she
  thinks best.
Sound moral development is characterized by an ever increasing degree of
What really motivates people is the quest for autonomy, mastery and purpose,
  not external rewards.
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