autopsy

[aw-top-see, aw-tuhp-]
noun, plural autopsies.
1.
inspection and dissection of a body after death, as for determination of the cause of death; postmortem examination.
2.
an analysis of something after it has been done or made.
verb (used with object), autopsied, autopsying.
3.
to perform an autopsy on.

Origin:
1645–55; (< Middle French autopsie) < Greek autopsía a seeing with one's own eyes, equivalent to aut- aut- + óps(is) -opsis + -ia -y3

autopsist, noun
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World English Dictionary
autopsy (ˈɔːtəpsɪ, ɔːˈtɒp-)
 
n , pl -sies
1.  necropsy, Also called: postmortem examination dissection and examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
2.  an eyewitness observation
3.  any critical analysis
 
[C17: from New Latin autopsia, from Greek: seeing with one's own eyes, from auto- + opsis sight]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

autopsy
1650s, "an eye-witnessing," from Mod.L. autopsia, from Gk. autopsia "a seeing with one's own eyes," from autos- "self" (comb. form) + opsis "a sight" (see eye). Sense of "dissection of a body to determine cause of death" is first recorded 1670s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

autopsy au·top·sy (ô'tŏp'sē, ô'təp-)
n.
An examination of a cadaver in order to determine the cause of death or to study pathologic changes. Also called necropsy, postmortem, postmortem examination.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
autopsy   (ô'tŏp'sē)  Pronunciation Key 
A medical examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death or to study pathologic changes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
We stood around the body planning our autopsy strategy.
Doctor, a couple of my team members want you to turn on the exhaust fan before
  starting the autopsy.
Not till morning will they begin their nuclear autopsy.
The final autopsy report is expected to be made public today, when testimony
  resumes.
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