b. franklin

Franklin

[frangk-lin]
noun
1.
Aretha [uh-ree-thuh] , born 1942, U.S. singer.
2.
Benjamin, 1706–90, American statesman, diplomat, author, scientist, and inventor.
3.
Sir John, 1786–1847, English Arctic explorer.
4.
John Hope, 1915–2009, U.S. historian and educator.
5.
a district in extreme N Canada, in the Northwest Territories, including the Boothia and Melville peninsulas, Baffin Island, and other Arctic islands. 549,253 sq. mi. (1,422,565 sq. km).
6.
a town in S Massachusetts.
7.
a city in SE Wisconsin.
8.
a town in central Tennessee.
9.
a town in central Indiana.
10.
a town in SW Ohio.
11.
a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning “freeholder.”
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
franklin (ˈfræŋklɪn)
 
n
(in 14th- and 15th-century England) a substantial landholder of free but not noble birth
 
[C13: from Anglo-French fraunclein, from Old French franc free, on the model of chamberlain]

Franklin (ˈfræŋklɪn)
 
n
1.  Aretha (əˈriːθə) born 1942, US soul, pop, and gospel singer
2.  Benjamin 1706--90, American statesman, scientist, and author. He helped draw up the Declaration of Independence (1776) and, as ambassador to France (1776--85), he negotiated an alliance with France and a peace settlement with Britain. As a scientist, he is noted particularly for his researches in electricity, esp his invention of the lightning conductor
3.  Sir John. 1786--1847, English explorer of the Arctic: lieutenant-governor of Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania) (1836--43): died while on a voyage to discover the Northwest Passage
4.  Rosalind. 1920--58, British x-ray crystallographer. She contributed to the discovery of the structure of DNA, before her premature death from cancer

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Franklin
surname attested from 1195, M.E. Frankeleyn, from Anglo-Fr. fraunclein "a land-owner of free but not noble birth," from O.Fr. franc (see frank), with suffix also found in chamberlain (q.v.). The Franklin stove (1787) so called because it was invented by U.S. scientist/politician
Benjamin Franklin (1706-90).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Franklin Frank·lin (frāngk'lĭn), Rosalind. 1920-1958.

British biophysicist. Her x-ray diffraction studies of DNA led to the description of the full structure of DNA by James Watson and Francis Crick.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Franklin   (frāngk'lĭn)  Pronunciation Key 
American public official, scientist, inventor, and writer who fully established the distinction between negative and positive electricity, proved that lightning and electricity are identical, and suggested that buildings could be protected by lightning conductors. He also invented bifocal glasses, established the direction of the prevailing storm track in North America and determined the existence of the Gulf Stream.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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