Most have experienced nothing other than the 48-year rule of the Baath Party.
No regime embodied the dysfunction of the Middle East like Saddam's Baath Party.
The Baath in Iraq was the only government in the world, after the Nazis, to use poison gas on its own people.
But this did not prevent the Baath from thriving, in its day.
pan-Arab socialist party, founded by intellectuals in Syria in 1943, from Arabic ba't "resurrection, renaissance."