largest of the Caroline Islands and largest island within the country of Palau. It has an area of 143 square miles (370 square km) and lies in the western Pacific Ocean, 550 miles (885 km) east of the Philippines. Partly elevated limestone and partly volcanic in origin, Babelthuap measures 27 miles by 8 miles (43 km by 13 km); it is fertile and wooded and rises to an elevation of 713 feet (217 metres). The U.S. military uses the rugged interior for jungle warfare training. In 2006 the national capital, formerly at Koror city, was established at Melekeok in eastern Babelthuap.
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