One dated 1675 has several borders on it, worked in the back-stitch so much used in England at that date.
You must be careful to take a back-stitch constantly, as you proceed.
Use the back-stitch bringing the strand all the way through on the right side and then all the way through underneath.
In making up flannel, back-stitch and run the seams, and then cross-stitch them open.
Hem around the ends of the tape and back-stitch across the tape just at the edge of the towel.
Use the combination stitch of one running stitch and one back-stitch just below the basting.
Make three little running stitches and one back-stitch to insure firmness in the starting.
When running is combined with a back-stitch, two or more running-stitches and one back-stitch are taken alternately.
The next stitch to learn is the combination-stitch, which is made up of both the running and the back-stitch (Figure 12).
The stitch used is mainly cross-stitch; but back-stitch, an open kind of satin-stitch, and birds-eye-stitch are also often seen.