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7 Essential Words of Fall

Badger State

noun
1.
Wisconsin (used as a nickname).

badger

[baj-er] /ˈbædʒ ər/
noun
1.
any of various burrowing, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae, as Taxidea taxus, of North America, and Meles meles, of Europe and Asia.
2.
the fur of this mammal.
3.
Australian.
  1. a wombat.
  2. bandicoot (def 2).
4.
(initial capital letter) a native or inhabitant of Wisconsin (the Badger State) (used as a nickname).
5.
a swablike device for cleaning excess mortar from the interiors of newly laid tile drains.
verb (used with object)
6.
to harass or urge persistently; pester; nag:
I had to badger him into coming with us.
Origin
1515-1525
1515-25; variant of badgeard, perhaps badge + -ard, in allusion to white mark or badge on head
Related forms
unbadgered, adjective
unbadgering, adjective
Synonyms
6. vex, bedevil, plague, worry, disturb, bait.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Badger State

badger

/ˈbædʒə/
noun
1.
any of various stocky omnivorous musteline mammals of the subfamily Melinae, such as Meles meles (Eurasian badger), occurring in Europe, Asia, and North America: order Carnivora (carnivores). They are typically large burrowing animals, with strong claws and a thick coat striped black and white on the head Compare ferret badger, hog badger
2.
honey badger, another name for ratel
verb
3.
(transitive) to pester or harass
Word Origin
C16: variant of badgeard, probably from badge (from the white mark on its forehead) + -ard
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Badger State

badger

n.

1520s, perhaps from bage "badge" (see badge) + -ard "one who carries some action or possesses some quality," suffix related to Middle High German -hart "bold" (see -ard). If so, the central notion is the badge-like white blaze on the animal's forehead (cf. French blaireau "badger," from Old French blarel, from bler "marked with a white spot;" also obsolete Middle English bauson "badger," from Old French bauzan, literally "black-and-white spotted"). But blaze (n.2) was the usual word for this.

An Old English name for the creature was the Celtic borrowing brock; also græg (Middle English grei, grey). In American English, the nickname of inhabitants or natives of Wisconsin (1833).

v.

1790, from badger (n.), based on the behavior of the dogs in the medieval sport of badger-baiting, still practiced in 18c. England. Related: Badgered; badgering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Badger State in the Bible

this word is found in Ex. 25:5; 26:14; 35:7, 23; 36:19; 39:34; Num. 4:6, etc. The tabernacle was covered with badgers' skins; the shoes of women were also made of them (Ezek. 16:10). Our translators seem to have been misled by the similarity in sound of the Hebrew _tachash_ and the Latin _taxus_, "a badger." The revisers have correctly substituted "seal skins." The Arabs of the Sinaitic peninsula apply the name _tucash_ to the seals and dugongs which are common in the Red Sea, and the skins of which are largely used as leather and for sandals. Though the badger is common in Palestine, and might occur in the wilderness, its small hide would have been useless as a tent covering. The dugong, very plentiful in the shallow waters on the shores of the Red Sea, is a marine animal from 12 to 30 feet long, something between a whale and a seal, never leaving the water, but very easily caught. It grazes on seaweed, and is known by naturalists as Halicore tabernaculi.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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10
12
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