|1.||Gaelic name: Baile Átha Cliath the capital of the Republic of Ireland, on Dublin Bay: under English rule from 1171 until 1922; commercial and cultural centre; contains one of the world's largest breweries and exports whiskey, stout, and agricultural produce. Pop: 1 004 614 (2002)|
|2.||a county in E Republic of Ireland, in Leinster on the Irish Sea: mountainous in the south but low-lying in the north and centre. County seat: Dublin. Pop: 1 122 821 (2002). Area: 922 sq km (356 sq miles)|
Note: As the intellectual and cultural center of Ireland, Dublin was a stronghold of Irish nationalism, the birthplace of renewed interest in the Irish language and Irish literature, and home to writers such as James Joyce, Jonathan Swift, and William Butler Yeats.