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Balkanize

[bawl-kuh-nahyz] /ˈbɔl kəˌnaɪz/
verb (used with object), Balkanized, Balkanizing.
1.
to divide (a country, territory, etc.) into small, quarrelsome, ineffectual states.
2.
(often lowercase) to divide (groups, areas, etc.) into contending and usually ineffectual factions:
a movement to balkanize minority voters.
Also, especially British, Balkanise.
Origin
1915-1920
1915-20; Balkan + -ize
Related forms
Balkanization, noun
Balkanism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for balkanization

Balkanize

/ˈbɔːlkəˌnaɪz/
verb
1.
(transitive) to divide (a territory) into small warring states
2.
to divide (a group or organization) into small factions
Derived Forms
Balkanization, Balkanisation, noun
Balkanized, Balkanised, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for balkanization

Balkanize

v.

1920, first used in reference to the Baltic states, on the model of what had happened in the Balkans; said to have been coined by English editor James Louis Garvin (1868-1947), but A.J. Toynbee (1922) credited it to "German Socialists" describing the results of the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Either way, the reference is to the political situation in the Balkans c.1878-1913, when the European section of the Ottoman Empire split up into small, warring nations. Balkanized and Balkanization both also are from 1920.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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balkanization in Culture
balkanization [(bawl-kuh-nuh-zay-shuhn)]

Division of a place or country into several small political units, often unfriendly to one another. The term balkanization comes from the name of the Balkan Peninsula, which was divided into several small nations in the early twentieth century.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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