balkanized

Balkanize

[bawl-kuh-nahyz]
verb (used with object), Balkanized, Balkanizing.
1.
to divide (a country, territory, etc.) into small, quarrelsome, ineffectual states.
2.
(often lowercase) to divide (groups, areas, etc.) into contending and usually ineffectual factions: a movement to balkanize minority voters.
Also, especially British, Balkanise.


Origin:
1915–20; Balkan + -ize

Balkanization, noun
Balkanism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Balkanize or Balkanise (ˈbɔːlkəˌnaɪz)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to divide (a territory) into small warring states
2.  to divide (a group or organization) into small factions
 
Balkanise or Balkanise
 
vb
 
Balkani'zation or Balkanise
 
n
 
Balkani'sation or Balkanise
 
n
 
'Balkanized or Balkanise
 
adj
 
'Balkanised or Balkanise
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Balkanize
1920, first used in reference to the Baltic states, on the model of what had happened in the Balkans; said to have been coined by Eng. editor James Louis Garvin (1868-1947), but A.J. Toynbee (1922) credited it to "German Socialists" describing the results of the treaty of
Brest-Litovsk. Either way, the reference is to the political situation in the Balkans c.1878-1913, when the European section of the Ottoman Empire split up into small, warring nations. Balkanized and Balkanization both also are from 1920.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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