town, eastern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. It lies along the Ganges River, 75 miles (120 km) northeast of Varanasi (Benares). An ancient settlement, the town has occasionally been moved northward because of changes in the river's course. Ballia is an administrative, trade, and business centre, with oil and flour mills. The town has two colleges and an annual cattle fair. Ballia is connected by rail with Varanasi and other northern Indian cities.
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