balloon frame

noun
a wooden building frame composed of machine-sawed scantlings fastened with nails, having studs rising the full height of the frame with the joists nailed to the studs and supported by sills or by ribbons let into the studs.

Origin:
1850–55, Americanism

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Example sentences
The balloon frame construction is in the form of an irregular rectangular plan.
If the building is of balloon frame construction, your first clue to that
  effect might be fire on an upper floor.
The wood frame structural system of each contributing building includes balloon
  frame and platform framing.
The house is of balloon frame construction on a mortared stone foundation.
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