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town, southwestern Alberta, Canada. Banff lies along the glacial-green Bow River, near the scenic Lake Louise and the British Columbia border; it is the headquarters of Banff National Park. Named by Lord Strathcona for the Scottish royal burgh of Banff, the settlement developed as a resort after the arrival (1883) of the Canadian Pacific Railway and the establishment (1885) of Banff National Park. Situated along the Trans-Canada Highway, it is a year-round tourist and convention centre, with hot sulfur springs, skiing facilities, a school of fine arts, a museum, and a sanitarium. Indian Days celebration (August) and a winter-sports carnival are annual events. Banff's light manufactures include pharmaceuticals, and coal is mined locally. Pop. (1991) 5,668.