baniya

bania

[ban-yuh]
noun
banyan ( def 2 ).
Also, baniya [ban-yuh, -ee-uh] .


Origin:
1590–1600

Dictionary.com Unabridged

banyan

[ban-yuhn] .
noun
1.
Also called banyan tree. an East Indian fig tree, Ficus benghalensis, of the mulberry family, having branches that send out adventitious roots to the ground and sometimes cause the tree to spread over a wide area.
2.
Also, bania, baniya.
a.
a Hindu trader or merchant of a particular caste, the rules of which forbid eating flesh.
b.
a loose shirt, jacket, or gown.
Also, banian.


Origin:
1590–1600; < Portuguese (perhaps < Arabic) < Gujarati vāṇiyo (singular) or vāṇiyā (plural) member of the merchant caste (compare Prakrit vāṇiaya, Sanskrit vāṇija trader); the tree is said to have taken its name from a particular tree of the species near which merchants had built a booth; source of final nasal uncertain

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
banyan or banian (ˈbænjən)
 
n
1.  a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2.  a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India
3.  a loose-fitting shirt, jacket, or robe, worn originally in India
 
[C16: from Hindi baniyā, from Sanskrit vānija merchant]
 
banian or banian
 
n
 
[C16: from Hindi baniyā, from Sanskrit vānija merchant]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

banyan
"Indian fig tree," 1630s, so called in allusion to a tree on the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf under which the Hindu merchants known as banians had built a pagoda. From Skt. vanija "merchant."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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