city, East Java (Jawa Timur) propinsi (province), Java, Indonesia. A major port on the Bali Strait, opposite Bali just to the east, it is located 120 miles (193 km) southeast of Surabaya, the capital of East Java. It is linked by railway and road with Jember to the west and by road with Situbondo to the northwest. Exports are copra, lumber, and rubber from the inland area. Industries include sawmilling, wood carving, paper making, leather tanning, and printing. The population is predominantly Javanese, and Islam, influenced by Hindu and Buddhist customs, is the dominant religion. About 50 miles (80 km) south of Banyuwangi is the Sukameda beach and Meru Betiri, a national park that was the last refuge of the now-extinct Javan tiger. Baluran and Alas Purwo national parks are also located nearby. Pop. (2000) 102,422.
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