Bank up


1 [bangk]
a long pile or heap; mass: a bank of earth; a bank of clouds.
a slope or acclivity.
Physical Geography. the slope immediately bordering a stream course along which the water normally runs.
a broad elevation of the sea floor around which the water is relatively shallow but not a hazard to surface navigation.
Coal Mining. the surface around the mouth of a shaft.
Also called cant, superelevation. the inclination of the bed of a banked road or railroad.
Aeronautics. the lateral inclination of an aircraft, especially during a turn.
Billiards, Pool. the cushion of the table.
verb (used with object)
to border with or like a bank; embank: banking the river with sandbags at flood stage.
to form into a bank or heap (usually followed by up ): to bank up the snow.
to build (a road or railroad track) with an upward slope from the inner edge to the outer edge at a curve.
Aeronautics. to tip or incline (an airplane) laterally.
Billiards, Pool.
to drive (a ball) to the cushion.
to pocket (the object ball) by driving it against the bank.
to cover (a fire) with ashes or fuel to make it burn long and slowly.
verb (used without object)
to build up in or form banks, as clouds or snow.
Aeronautics. to tip or incline an airplane laterally.
Horology. (of a lever or balance) to be halted at either end of its oscillation by striking a pin or the like.
(of a road or railroad track) to slope upward from the inner edge to the outer edge at a curve.

1150–1200; Middle English banke, Old English hōbanca couch; cognate with Old Norse bakki elevation, hill, Swedish backe, Danish bakke < Germanic *bank-ōn-; perhaps akin to Sanskrit bhañj- bend, Lithuanian bangà wave; see bank3, bench

1. embankment, mound, ridge, dike. 3. See shore1. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bank1 (bæŋk)
1.  an institution offering certain financial services, such as the safekeeping of money, conversion of domestic into and from foreign currencies, lending of money at interest, and acceptance of bills of exchange
2.  the building used by such an institution
3.  a small container used at home for keeping money
4.  the funds held by a gaming house or a banker or dealer in some gambling games
5.  in various games
 a.  the stock, as of money, pieces, tokens, etc, on which players may draw
 b.  the player holding this stock
6.  any supply, store, or reserve, for future use: a data bank; a blood bank
7.  (tr) to deposit (cash, cheques, etc) in a bank
8.  (intr) to transact business with a bank
9.  (intr) to engage in the business of banking
10.  (intr) to hold the bank in some gambling games
[C15: probably from Italian banca bench, moneychanger's table, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German bancbench]

bank2 (bæŋk)
1.  a long raised mass, esp of earth; mound; ridge
2.  a slope, as of a hill
3.  the sloping side of any hollow in the ground, esp when bordering a river: the left bank of a river is on a spectator's left looking downstream
4.  a.  an elevated section, rising to near the surface, of the bed of a sea, lake, or river
 b.  (in combination): sandbank; mudbank
5.  a.  the area around the mouth of the shaft of a mine
 b.  the face of a body of ore
6.  the lateral inclination of an aircraft about its longitudinal axis during a turn
7.  banking, camber, cant, Also called: superelevation a bend on a road or on a railway, athletics, cycling, or other track having the outside built higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force on vehicles, runners, etc, rounding it at speed and in some cases to facilitate drainage
8.  the cushion of a billiard table
vb (when tr, often foll by up) (sometimes foll by up)
9.  to form into a bank or mound
10.  (tr) to border or enclose (a road, etc) with a bank
11.  to cover (a fire) with ashes, fresh fuel, etc, so that it will burn slowly
12.  to cause (an aircraft) to tip laterally about its longitudinal axis or (of an aircraft) to tip in this way, esp while turning
13.  to travel round a bank, esp at high speed
14.  (tr) billiards to drive (a ball) into the cushion
[C12: of Scandinavian origin; compare Old Icelandic bakki hill, Old Danish banke, Swedish backe]

bank3 (bæŋk)
1.  an arrangement of objects, esp similar objects, in a row or in tiers: a bank of dials
2.  a.  a tier of oars in a galley
 b.  a bench for the rowers in a galley
3.  a grade of lightweight writing and printing paper used for airmail letters, etc
4.  telephony (in automatic switching) an assembly of fixed electrical contacts forming a rigid unit in a selector or similar device
5.  (tr) to arrange in a bank
[C17: from Old French banc bench, of Germanic origin; see bank1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"financial institution," late 15c., from either O.It. banca or M.Fr. banque (itself from the O.It. word), both meaning "table" (the notion is of the moneylender's exchange table), from a Gmc. source (cf. O.H.G. bank "bench"); see bank (2). The verb meaning "to put confidence
in" (U.S. colloquial) is attested from 1884. Bank holiday is from 1871, though the tradition is as old as the Bank of England. To cry all the way to the bank was coined 1956 by flamboyant pianist Liberace, after a Madison Square Garden concert that was packed with patrons but panned by critics.

"earthen incline, edge of a river," c.1200, probably in O.E. but not attested in surviving documents, from a Scandinavian source such as O.N. banki, O.Dan. banke "sandbank," from P.Gmc. *bangkon "slope," cognate with *bankiz "shelf."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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