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barbarous

[bahr-ber-uh s] /ˈbɑr bər əs/
adjective
1.
uncivilized; wild; savage; crude.
2.
savagely cruel or harsh:
The prisoners of war were given barbarous treatment.
3.
full of harsh sounds; noisy; discordant:
an evening of wild and barbarous music.
4.
not conforming to classical standards or accepted usage, as language.
5.
foreign; alien.
6.
(among ancient Greeks) designating a person or thing of non-Greek origin.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin barbarus < Greek bárbaros non-Greek, foreign, barbarian; akin to Sanskrit barbara stammering, non-Aryan; see -ous
Related forms
barbarously, adverb
barbarousness, noun
hyperbarbarous, adjective
hyperbarbarously, adverb
hyperbarbarousness, noun
nonbarbarous, adjective
nonbarbarously, adverb
nonbarbarousness, noun
prebarbarous, adjective
prebarbarously, adverb
prebarbarousness, noun
unbarbarous, adjective
unbarbarously, adverb
unbarbarousness, noun
Synonyms
1. See barbarian. 2. ferocious, inhuman, brutal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for barbarousness

barbarous

/ˈbɑːbərəs/
adjective
1.
uncivilized; primitive
2.
brutal or cruel
3.
lacking refinement
Derived Forms
barbarously, adverb
barbarousness, noun
Word Origin
C15: via Latin from Greek barbaros barbarian, non-Greek, in origin imitative of incomprehensible speech; compare Sanskrit barbara stammering, non-Aryan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for barbarousness

barbarous

adj.

c.1400, "uncivilized, uncultured, ignorant," from Latin barbarus, from Greek barbaros (see barbarian). Meaning "not Greek or Latin" (of words or language) is from c.1500; that of "savagely cruel" is from 1580s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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