|Bardeen (bär-dēn') Pronunciation Key
American physicist who, with William Brattain and William Shockley, invented the transistor in 1947. For this work all three shared a 1956 Nobel Prize for physics. In 1972 Bardeen shared another Nobel Prize for physics with American physicists Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for their development of the theory of superconductivity.
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