bard

1 [bahrd]
noun
1.
(formerly) a person who composed and recited epic or heroic poems, often while playing the harp, lyre, or the like.
2.
one of an ancient Celtic order of composers and reciters of poetry.
3.
any poet.
4.
the bard, William Shakespeare.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Celtic; compare Irish, Scots Gaelic bard, Welsh bardd, Breton barz < Indo-European *gwrs-do-s singer, akin to Albanian grisha (I) invited (to a wedding)

bardic, adjective
bardish, bardlike, adjective
bardship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged

bard

2 [bahrd]
noun
1.
Armor. any of various pieces of defensive armor for a horse.
2.
Cookery. a thin slice of fat or bacon secured to a roast of meat or poultry to prevent its drying out while cooking.
verb (used with object)
3.
Armor. to caparison with bards.
4.
Cookery. to secure thin slices of fat or bacon to (a roast of meat or poultry) before cooking.
Also, barde (for defs 1, 3).


Origin:
1470–80; < Middle French barde < Southern Italian barda armor for a horse < Arabic bardaʿah packsaddle < Persian pardah covering

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bard1 (bɑːd)
 
n
1.  a.  (formerly) one of an ancient Celtic order of poets who recited verses about the exploits, often legendary, of their tribes
 b.  (in modern times) a poet who wins a verse competition at a Welsh eisteddfod
2.  archaic, literary or any poet, esp one who writes lyric or heroic verse or is of national importance
 
[C14: from Scottish Gaelic; related to Welsh bardd]
 
'bardic1
 
adj
 
'bardism1
 
n

bard or barde2 (bɑːd)
 
n
1.  a piece of larding bacon or pork fat placed on game or lean meat during roasting to prevent drying out
2.  an ornamental caparison for a horse
 
vb
3.  to place a bard on
 
[C15: from Old French barde, from Old Italian barda, from Arabic barda`ah packsaddle]
 
barde or barde2
 
n
 
vb
 
[C15: from Old French barde, from Old Italian barda, from Arabic barda`ah packsaddle]

Bard (bɑːd)
 
n
the Bard an epithet of William Shakespeare

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bard
mid-15c., from Scottish, from O.Celt. bardos "poet, singer," from PIE base *gwer- "to lift up the voice, praise." In historical times, a term of contempt among the Scots (who considered them itinerant troublemakers), but one of great respect among the Welsh.
"All vagabundis, fulis, bardis, scudlaris, and siclike idill pepill, sall be brint on the cheek." [local Scottish ordinance, c.1500]
Subsequently idealized by Scott in the more ancient sense of "lyric poet, singer." Poetic use of the word in English is from Gk. bardos, L. bardus, both from Gaulish. Bardolatry "worship of Shakespeare (the 'Bard of Avon')" first recorded 1901.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
We've randomly selected eight lucky winners and notified those bone-based bards.
There were feasts and drinking and singing by the bards.
And the true bards have been noted for their firm and cheerful temper.
The dominance of myth must have been much reinforced by the polis as the pattern of national life, and by the bards.
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