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city, seat (1784) of Nelson county, in the outer Bluegrass region of central Kentucky, U.S., 39 miles (63 km) southeast of Louisville. Founded as Salem in 1778, it was later renamed to honour William Bard, one of the original landowners. During the American Civil War, it was occupied (September 20-October 3, 1862) by General Braxton Bragg's Confederate forces. The city is the trade centre for a fertile agricultural area (tobacco, grain, livestock, and dairy products); its manufactures include bourbon whiskey, flour, greeting cards, and automotive products. Tourism is also important to the economy. St. Joseph's Proto-Cathedral (1819), the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral west of the Allegheny Mountains, is in the city. Nearby is "Federal Hill" (1795), a Georgian house preserved as a shrine within a state park, where Stephen Foster is said to have composed the song "My Old Kentucky Home," now the Kentucky state song. Also nearby are Wickland (1817), home of three Kentucky governors; the Oscar Getz Museum of Whiskey History; and Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest. Inc. 1788. Pop. (1990) 6,801; (2000) 10,374.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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