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city, central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, on the Ramganga River. Founded in 1537, the city was built largely by the Mughal governor Makrand Ray. It later became the capital of the Rohillas, a migrant clan that gained control of the surrounding territory. In 1774 the ruler of Oudh conquered the area with British aid, and Bareilly was ceded to the British in 1801. It was a centre of the 1857 Indian Mutiny against British rule. Situated at a major rail and road junction, it is a trade centre for agricultural products and has a number of industries (sugar processing, cotton ginning and pressing). Bareilly is the site of Rohilkhand University (1975) and Bareilly College (1837), and the Indian Veterinary Research Institute is in the suburb of Izatnagar.