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bark1

[bahrk] /bɑrk/
noun
1.
the abrupt, harsh, explosive cry of a dog.
2.
a similar sound made by another animal, as a fox.
3.
a short, explosive sound, as of firearms:
the bark of a revolver.
4.
a brusque order, reply, etc.:
The foreman's bark sent the idlers back to their machines.
5.
a cough.
verb (used without object)
6.
(of a dog or other animal) to utter an abrupt, explosive cry or a series of such cries.
7.
to make a similar sound:
The big guns barked.
8.
to speak or cry out sharply or gruffly:
a man who barks at his children.
9.
Informal. to advertise a theater performance, carnival sideshow, or the like, by standing at the entrance and calling out to passersby.
10.
to cough.
verb (used with object)
11.
to utter in a harsh, shouting tone:
barking orders at her subordinates.
Idioms
12.
bark at the moon, to protest in vain:
Telling her that she's misinformed is just barking at the moon.
13.
bark up the wrong tree, to assail or pursue the wrong person or object; misdirect one's efforts:
If he expects me to get him a job, he's barking up the wrong tree.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English berken, Old English beorcan; akin to Old English borcian to bark, Old Norse berkja to bluster, Lithuanian burgė́ti to growl, quarrel, Serbo-Croatian br̀gljati to murmur
Related forms
barkless, adjective
Synonyms
11. shout, bellow, yell, roar, bawl.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for bark at the moon

bark1

/bɑːk/
noun
1.
the loud abrupt usually harsh or gruff cry of a dog or any of certain other animals
2.
a similar sound, such as one made by a person, gun, etc
3.
his bark is worse than his bite, he is bad-tempered but harmless
verb
4.
(intransitive) (of a dog or any of certain other animals) to make its typical loud abrupt cry
5.
(intransitive) (of a person, gun, etc) to make a similar loud harsh sound
6.
to say or shout in a brusque, peremptory, or angry tone: he barked an order
7.
(US, informal) to advertise (a show, merchandise, etc) by loudly addressing passers-by
8.
(informal) bark up the wrong tree, to misdirect one's attention, efforts, etc; be mistaken
Word Origin
Old English beorcan; related to Lithuanian burgěti to quarrel, growl

bark2

/bɑːk/
noun
1.
a protective layer of dead corky cells on the outside of the stems of woody plants
2.
any of several varieties of this substance that can be used in tanning, dyeing, or in medicine
3.
an informal name for cinchona
verb (transitive)
4.
to scrape or rub off skin, as in an injury
5.
to remove the bark or a circle of bark from (a tree or log)
6.
to cover or enclose with bark
7.
to tan (leather), principally by the tannins in barks
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse börkr; related to Swedish, Danish bark, German Borke; compare Old Norse björkrbirch

bark3

/bɑːk/
noun
1.
a variant spelling (esp US) of barque
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for bark at the moon

bark

n.

"tree skin," c.1300, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse borkr "bark," from Proto-Germanic *barkuz, which probably is related to birch and Low German borke. The native word was rind.

"any small ship," early 15c., from Middle French barque (15c.), from Late Latin barca (c.400 C.E.), probably cognate with Vulgar Latin *barica (see barge). More precise sense of "three-masted ship" (17c.) often is spelled barque to distinguish it.

dog sound, Old English beorc, from bark (v.). Paired and compared with bite (n.) since at least 1660s; the proverb is older: "Timid dogs bark worse than they bite" was in Latin (Canis timidus vehementius latrat quam mordet, Quintius Curtius).

v.

in reference to a dog sound, Old English beorcan "to bark," from Proto-Germanic *berkanan (cf. Old Norse berkja "to bark"), of echoic origin. Related: Barked; barking. To bark up the wrong tree is U.S. colloquial, first attested 1832, from notion of hounds following the wrong scent.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bark at the moon in Science
bark
  (bärk)   
The protective outer covering of the trunk, branches, and roots of trees and other woody plants. Bark includes all tissues outside the vascular cambium. In older trees, bark is usually divided into inner bark, consisting of living phloem, and outer bark, consisting of the periderm (the phelloderm, cork cambium, and cork) and all the tissues outside it. The outer bark is mainly dead tissue that protects the tree from heat, cold, insects, and other dangers. The appearance of bark varies according to the manner in which the periderm forms, as in broken layers or smoother rings. Bark also has lenticels, porous corky areas that allow for the exchange of water vapor and gases with the interior living tissues.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with bark at the moon
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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