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city, Puglia (Apulia) region, southeastern Italy, and port and resort on the Adriatic Sea, northwest of Bari. Originating as the ancient Barduli, it served as the port and bathing resort for Canusium (modern Canosa di Puglia; 14 miles [22 km] west-southwest) in Roman times. Captured by the Ostrogoths (5th century), the Byzantines (6th century), and the Lombards (6th century), it became part of the Kingdom of Naples in the 11th century. During a siege of Barletta by the French in 1503 a combat took place between 13 Italian and 13 French picked knights in which the Italians were victorious. An episcopal see, Barletta was the seat of the archbishops of Nazareth from 1291 to 1818.