barons war

Barons' War

noun
a rebellion of English nobles (1263–67) against King Henry III, undertaken in an effort to curtail royal prerogatives and extend the powers of the nobles.
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Barons' War
 
n
either of two civil wars in 13th-century England. The First Barons' War (1215--17) was precipitated by King John's failure to observe the terms of Magna Carta: many of the Barons' grievances were removed by his death (1216) and peace was concluded in 1217. The Second Barons' War (1264--67) was caused by Henry III's refusal to accept limitations on his authority: the rebel Barons (led (1264--65) by Simon de Montfort), initially successful, were defeated at the battle of Evesham (1265); sporadic resistance continued until 1267

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